Wood Tone Chart

(Janka Scale Sorted by Hardness)

Want to get an idea for what tone you are looking for?  

Compare common drum shell materials against domestic and exotic woods.Soft (low hardness number) materials have a low pitched tone, and hard (high hardness number) materials have a high pitched tone. Material of a similar hardness will sound similar in tone. 

 

If you like maple, look for its hardness, then compare it to other woods of the same hardness, they will sound similar to maple, but will give you the a custom appearance you are looking for!

Common Material

Material

Diamond

High Carbon Steel

Medium carbon Steel

Lignum Vitae (wood)

Bronze

Brass

Ipe, Lapacho (Wood)

Ebony (Wood)

Aluminum

Copper

Maple

Oak

Mahogany

Yellow Pine

Hardness

10,000

7,000

5,000

4,500

4,000

3,800

3,342

3,220

3,000

2,800

1,500

1,330

800

400

Compare Hardness of Common and Exotic Woods

Hardness

---------------------

Lignumvitae

Verawood

Curupay, Curupau

Kurupaya

Mahogany, Brazilian Tiger

Patagonian Rosewood

Snakewood

Ebony, Brazilian

Walnut, Brazilian

Cherry, Bolivian

Cumaru, Brazilian Teak

Tiete chestnut, Almendrillo

Paraju, Brazilian redwood, Jutahy

Ipe, Lapacho

Tiete rosewood

Ebony

Oak, live

Cherry, tropical/Mayan; Machiche, Cerezo

Massaranduba

Rosewood, Indian

Bulletwood, Balata, Macaranduba

Angelim Pedra, Amburana

Brushbox

Angico, Vermelho

Marishballi

Amendoim, Ybyraro

Azobe

Grenadilla, Mpingo, African blackwood

Mangrove, red

Bloodwood

Etauba, Itauba

Faveira

Manbarklak, Black kakaralli

Rosewood, Brazilian; Jacaranda

Okan

Pearwood, African; Aboga

Boxwood, Buis

Pau ferro, Brazilian ebony

Purpleheart, Amaranth, Pau roxo

Bubinga, African rosewood

Turpentine

Tigerwood, Muiracatiara

Mahogany, Santos' Cabreuva

Satinwood

Greenheart

Marblewood

Afromosia

Anchico

Ironbark, red

Quebracho Colorado

Kaneelhart, Ajoewa

Mora

Macawood

Morado

Osage orange

Pyinkado

Jatoba, Brazilian cherry, Coubaril

Mesquite

Tamarind

Macadamia

Ironwood

Tornillo

Pradoo, Burma padauk

Persimmon

Wenge

Tatajuba

Padauk, African

Amberwood

Bocote, Cabreuva, Santos Mahogany

Chechen, Black poisonwood

Mahogany, Incensio, Cariuva

Ziricote

Gum, spotted; Australian hickory

Narrah, Amboyna

Goncalo Alves, Tigerwood

Dogwood, flowering

Sucupira

Doussie

Moabi, Guajara

Ash, blue

Pilon, Angelim

Karri

Tallowwood

Canarywood

Bangkirai, Amang besi

Ivorywood, Pau marfim

Wallaba

Benge, Muteneye

Para-angelim

Tualang

Jarrah

Yellowheart, Anan

Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Tarara

Hickory

Pecan

Degame

Afzelia, Doussie

Serviceberry

Sandalwood

Kempas, Thongbueng

Lyptus

Hornbeam, American

Rosewood

Shorea

Mastic

Acacia

Angelin

Opepe

Blackwood, African

Piquia

Garapa, Goldenwood

Locust, black

Patens

Maria-preta, Arvore-da-chuva

Grapia

Zebrawood

Merbau

Roxinho

Shedua, Amazakoue

Balau

Bamboo, timbergrass

Walnut, tropical; T'zalam

Freijo

Peroba de campos, White peroba

Quina

Coconut palm

Olive, Brazilian; Taxi

Yew, Pacific

Timborana

Beech, Australian; Blackbutt

Tree-of-heaven, Ailanthus

Kiiat, Muninga, Mukwa

Koa

Honeylocust

Witch hazel

Mahogany, sapele

Maple, Brazilian

Tauari

Pau-santo, Angelica

Apple

Copaiba, Bacana

Madrone, Pacific; Manzanita

Bamboo

Maple, sugar

Louro

Tulipwood, Pau rosa

Sapele

Santa Maria

Mahogany, Royal

Mahogany, African, Khaya

Coffeetree, Kentucky

Sepetir

Bamboo, natural

Cypress, Australian hard

Kauri, Agathis

Oak, white

Boire, Bodowood

Sourwood

Ash, white

Manni, Chewstick

Beech, American

Makore, African cherry

Angelique

Mersawa

Oak, red

Walnut, Mansonia; Imbuya

Movingui, Ayan

Ramin

Gum, Sydney blue

Birch, yellow

Iroko, Kambala

Avodire

Pine, Caribbean

Kapur

Bamboo, carbonized

Nyatoh

Juniper

Maple, hard-rock

Thuya, Thuja, Arar

Cocobolo

Andiroba, Virola

Eucalytpus

Teak

Buckthorn, Cascara

Teak, Brazilian; Tatajuba

Abarco

Holly, American

Curupixa

Walnut, black

Cedar, Spanish

Magnolia, southern

Hevea

Pink ivory

Sakura, Chinese birch

Roble

Imbuia, Imbuya

Aniegre

Breu

Mango

Cherry, black

Cambara

Camphorwood

Ekop

Banak, Kirikawa

Cuangare

Meranti, dark red

Cedar, Red juniper

Sande

Lacewood, Leopardwood, Lauro Faia

Oak, Asian; Rubberwood

Hackberry

Pine

Tupelo, gum

Sweetgum

Mahogany, true; Lauan

Primavera

Black cherry

Laurel, California; Myrtle

Parana-Pine

Keruing, Apitong

Sycamore, American

Elm

Ilomba

Larch, western

Limba

Chinkapin, giant

Boxelder

Embira-branca

Fir, Douglas

Determa

Pine, spruce

Sassafras

Cativo

Quaruba, Copaie

Alder, red

Silverbell, Carolina

Cedar, yellow

Willow

Hura

Catalpa

Chestnut, American

Tamarack

Maminha-de-porca

Butternut, Whate walnut

Hemlock, mountain

Cypress, Mexican

Poplar

Okoume, aboon

Spruce, black

Aspen, bigtooth

Obeche

Fir, white

Pine, lodgepole

Redwood

Cottonwood, eastern

Gumbo Limbo

Basswood, American

Jelutong

Buckeye, yellow

Aspen, quaking

Ceiba, Kapok

Balsa

----

4500

4000

3840

3840

3840

3840

3800

3692

3680

3650

3540

3540

3500

3342

3280

3220

3200

3190

3190

3170

3070

3040

3025

3020

2967

2947

2940

2940

2940

2900

2900

2895

2890

2860

2780

2732

2730

2713

2713

2628

2624

2620

2600

2600

2593

2532

2524

2524

2470

2470

2464

2424

2406

2400

2400

2369

2350

2345

2318

2300

2299

2299

2267

2254

2235

2220

2219

2200

2200

2200

2200

2200

2185

2170

2160

2150

2140

2103

2100

2030

2020

2010

2007

2000

1987

1987

1986

1983

1958

1938

1910

1878

1860

1860

1820

1820

1816

1810

1800

1798

1797

1796

1780

1780

1780

1770

1750

1750

1724

1720

1720

1700

1700

1691

1668

1658

1658

1654

1650

1650

1642

1642

1630

1627

1624

1611

1600

1600

1600

1570

1569

1568

1564

1551

1548

1530

1500

1500

1500

1490

1480

1470

1460

1450

1450

1441

1441

1439

1410

1400

1395

1390

1382

1380

1375

1350

1333

1326

1326

1320

1304

1300

1294

1290

1290

1290

1290

1278

1274

1273

1260

1260

1250

1240

1205

1180

1171

1160

1156

1155

1136

1130

1125

1075

1040

1038

1020

1020

1018

1010

1006

1000

995

995

995

987

982

980

980

980

950

941

930

915

911

911

908

900

900

891

890

880

870

861

850

800

799

788

784

780

775

770

769

749

745

731

730

720

669

660

657

647

630

625

593

590

590

580

568

558

550

540

526

523

490

467

460

432

431

422

420

408

407

402

402

377

370

367

357

350

337

281

100

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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