Wood Tone Chart

(Janka Scale Sorted Alphabetically)

Want to get an idea for what tone you are looking for?  

Compare common drum shell materials against domestic and exotic woods.Soft (low hardness number) materials have a low pitched tone, and hard (high hardness number) materials have a high pitched tone. Material of a similar hardness will sound similar in tone. 

 

If you like maple, look for its hardness, then compare it to other woods of the same hardness, they will sound similar to maple, but will give you the a custom appearance you are looking for!

Common Material

Material

Diamond

High Carbon Steel

Medium carbon Steel

Lignum Vitae (wood)

Bronze

Brass

Ipe, Lapacho (Wood)

Ebony (Wood)

Aluminum

Copper

Maple

Oak

Mahogany

Yellow Pine

Hardness

10,000

7,000

5,000

4,500

4,000

3,800

3,342

3,220

3,000

2,800

1,500

1,330

800

400

Choose Wood By Name and See Pics

Alphabetically
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

A

Acacia

Afromosia

Afzelia, Doussie

Abarco

Alder, red

Amberwood

Amendoim, Ybyraro

Anchico

Andiroba, Virola

Angelim Pedra, Amburana

Angelin

Angelique

Angico, Vermelho

Aniegre

Apple

Ash, blue

Ash, white

Aspen, bigtooth

Aspen, quaking

Avodire

Azobe

1750

2524

1810

1020

590

2200

2947

2524

1130

3040

1750

1290

3020

980

1480

2030

1320

420

337

1250

2940

1/4

B

Balau

Balsa

Bamboo

Bamboo, carbonized

Bamboo, natural

Bamboo, timbergrass

Banak, Kirikawa

Bangkirai, Amang besi

Basswood, American

Beech, American

Beech, Australian; Blackbutt

Benge, Muteneye

Birch, yellow

Black cherry

Blackwood, African

Bloodwood

Bocote, Cabreuva, Santos Mahogany

Boire, Bodowood

Boxelder

Boxwood, Buis

Breu

Brushbox

Bubinga, African rosewood

Buckeye, yellow

Buckthorn, Cascara

Bulletwood, Balata, Macaranduba

Butternut, White walnut

1642

100

1450

1180

1380

1642

911

1987

367

1300

1569

1983

1260

788

1720

2900

2200

1326

720

2730

980

3025

2628

350

1040

3070

490

1/4

C

Cambara

Camphorwood

Canarywood

Catalpa

Cativo

Cedar, Red juniper

Cedar, Spanish

Cedar, yellow

Ceiba, Kapok

Chechen, Black poisonwood

Cherry, black

Cherry, Bolivian

Cherry-tropical, Machiche, Cerezo

Chestnut, American

Chinkapin, giant

Cocobolo

Coconut palm

Coffeetree, Kentucky

Copaiba, Bacana

Cottonwood, eastern

Cuangare

Cumaru, Brazilian Teak

Curupay, Curupau

Curupixa

Cypress, Australian hard

Cypress, Mexican

941

930

2000

550

625

900

1006

580

281

2200

950

3650

3190

540

730

1136

1600

1390

1470

377

911

3540

3840

1018

1375

460

1/4

D

Degame

Determa

Dogwood, flowering

Doussie

1816

657

2150

2103

1/2

E

Ebony

Ebony, Brazilian

Ekop

Elm

Embira-branca

Etauba, Itauba

Eucalytpus

3220

3692

915

769

669

2900

1125

1/5

F

Faveira

Fir, Douglas

Fir, white

Freijo

2895

660

407

1627

1/2

G

Garapa, Goldenwood

Goncalo Alves, Tigerwood

Grapia

Greenheart

Grenadilla, Mpingo, African blackwood

Gum, spotted; Australian hickory

Gum, Sydney blue

Gumbo Limbo

1700

2160

1658

2593

2940

2185

1273

370

1/4

H

Hackberry

Hemlock, mountain

Hevea

Hickory

Holly, American

Honeylocust

Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Hornbeam, American

Hura

880

467

995

1820

1020

1548

1860

1780

558

1/3

I

Ilomba

Imbuia, Imbuya

Ipe, Lapacho

Iroko, Kambala

Ironbark, red

Ironwood

Ivorywood, Pau marfim

749

982

3342

1260

2470

2299

1987

1/5

J

Jarrah

Jatoba, Brazilian cherry, Coubaril

Jelutong

Juniper

1910

2350

357

1160

1/3

K

Kaneelhart, Ajoewa

Kapur

Karri

Kauri, Agathis

Kempas, Thongbueng

Keruing, Apitong

Kiiat, Muninga, Mukwa

Koa

Kurupaya

2464

1205

2010

1350

1797

775

1564

1551

3840

1/3

L

Lacewood, Leopardwood, Lauro Faia

Larch, western

Laurel, California; Myrtle

Lignumvitae

Limba

Locust, black

Louro

Lyptus

891

745

784

4500

731

1700

1441

1796

1/6

M

Macadamia

Macawood

Madrone, Pacific; Manzanita

Magnolia, southern

Mahogany, African, Khaya

Mahogany, Brazilian Tiger

Mahogany, Incensio, Cariuva

Mahogany, Royal

Mahogany, Santos' Cabreuva

Mahogany, sapele

Mahogany, true; Lauan

Makore, African cherry

Maminha-de-porca

Manbarklak, Black kakaralli

Mango

Mangrove, red

Manni, Chewstick

Maple, Brazilian

Maple, hard-rock

Maple, sugar

Marblewood

Maria-preta, Arvore-da-chuva

Marishballi

Massaranduba

Mastic

Meranti, dark red

Merbau

Mersawa

Mesquite

Moabi, Guajara

Mora

Morado

Movingui, Ayan

2300

2406

1460

1000

1395

3840

2200

1400

2600

1500

800

1294

523

2890

980

2940

1304

1500

1156

1450

2532

1668

2967

3190

1770

908

1654

1290

2345

2100

2424

2400

1278

1/3

N

Narrah, Amboyna

Nyatoh

2170

1171

1/1

O

Oak, Asian; Rubberwood

Oak, live

Oak, red

Oak, white

Obeche

Okan

Okoume, aboon

Olive, Brazilian; Taxi

Opepe

Osage orange

890

3200

1290

1333

408

2780

431

1600

1724

2400

1/4

P

Padauk, African

Para-angelim

Paraju, Brazilian redwood, Jutahy

Parana-Pine

Patagonian Rosewood

Patens

Pau ferro, Brazilian ebony

Pau-santo, Angelica

Pearwood, African; Aboga

Pecan

Peroba de campos, White peroba

Persimmon

Pilon, Angelim

Pine

Pine, Caribbean

Pine, lodgepole

Pine, spruce

Pink ivory

Piquia

Poplar

Pradoo, Burma padauk

Primavera

Purpleheart, Amaranth, Pau roxo

Pyinkado

2219

1958

3500

780

3840

1691

2713

1490

2732

1820

1624

2254

2020

870

1240

402

647

995

1720

432

2267

799

2713

2369

1/3

Q

Quaruba, Copaie

Quebracho Colorado

Quina

593

2470

1611

1/2

R

Ramin

Redwood

Roble

Rosewood

Rosewood, Brazilian; Jacaranda

Rosewood, Indian

Roxinho

1274

402

987

1780

2860

3170

1650

1/3

S

Sakura, Chinese birch

Sandalwood

Sande

Santa Maria

Sapele

Sassafras

Satinwood

Sepetir

Serviceberry

Shedua, Amazakoue

Shorea

Silverbell, Carolina

Snakewood

Sourwood

Spruce, black

Sucupira

Sweetgum

Sycamore, American

995

1798

900

1410

1439

630

2600

1382

1800

1650

1780

590

3800

1326

422

2140

850

770

1/3

T

Tallowwood

Tamarack

Tamarind

Tarara

Tatajuba

Tauari

Teak

Teak, Brazilian; Tatajuba

Thuya, Thuja, Arar

Tiete chestnut, Almendrillo

Tiete rosewood

Tigerwood, Muiracatiara

Timborana

Tornillo

Tree-of-heaven, Ailanthus

Tualang

Tulipwood, Pau rosa

Tupelo, gum

Turpentine

2007

526

2318

1860

2220

1500

1075

1038

1155

3540

3280

2620

1570

2299

1568

1938

1441

861

2624

1/3

V

Verawood

4000

1/2

W

Wallaba

Walnut, black

Walnut, Brazilian

Walnut, Mansonia; Imbuya

Walnut, tropical; T'zalam

Wenge

Willow

Witch hazel

1986

1010

3680

1290

1630

2235

568

1530

1/5

Y

Yellowheart, Anan

Yew, Pacific

1878

1600

1/1

Z

Zebrawood

Ziricote

1658

2200

1/2

Janka Hardness Scale

The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter.



It basically boils down to, the denser the material, the brighter the tone. Some times grain, moisture, variants in wood consistency due to wood growth abnormalities, or finish will effect tone, so its not a 100% assured all materials will sound exactly the same. but we get a really good picture of what the tone can be based on simple hardness physics.

If you want to know more about the janka hardness scale click here.

Suggest A Wood Species

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